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The Confederate Navy's
and a costly visit to Melbourne in 1865
The Confederate navy ship Shenandoah sailed into Hobson's Bay on the afternoon
of 25 January 1865. Captain J. I. Waddell said he only wanted to put the ship onto
the Williamstown slip for repairs, and to take on food and water. Melburnians flocked
to view the raider, some to cheer, and newspapers advocated her arrest. But the
Victorian government ignored police reports of attempted recruitment of crewmen.
Forty-two were actually recuited in colonial Melbourne. This breech of Victoria's
neutrality proved costly to the British government, when an international tribunal
awarded damages against Britain after further attacks on shipping by Shenandoah.
Damages amounted to 800,000 pounds -- millions of dollars in today's money.
USN Hist. photo
Shenandoah on the Williamstown Slip
- US Naval Historical Center photograph.
 Formerly the merchantman Sea King, the ship had been purchased by confederate agents
in London. She had been sailed to Madiera where eight guns were installed and she was
renamed CSS Shenandoah. At first, the ship's theatre of operations was the North Atlantic,
but she soon concentrated on the North Pacific where hostile warships were few and far
between. The visit to Melbourne occurred during this period.
[Sources: The Civil War: The Blocakade: Runners and Raiders: Time-Life Books Inc.: 1983. And
(supplied by Frank Noonan): Crompton, Barry J.: The Confederate States Steamship Shenandoah
in Melbourne: Melbourne: June 1993]
Confederate Flag

USS Brooklyn visited Melbourne during May 1901 to celebrate the Federation of
Australia. The ultra-modern 9,215 tons Cruiser was flagship of the Commander in Chief
of the United States Naval Force on the Asiatic Station, Rear-Admiral
George C. Remey. Commissioned in 1896, she had already been involved in the
Spanish-American War at the Battle of Santiago. The ship still bore evidence
of that conflict. She was armed with eight 8-inch guns.
The Ship's complement was 37 Officers, 500 men and 68 marines.
Among the other naval vessels present for the celebrations were the Russian vessel
Gromoboi, the German ships Kormoran and Hansa, and the Netherlands Navy's
Noordbrabant, The Royal Navy's Australia Squadron was there with flagship
Royal Arthur, and HM ships St George, Juno, Ringarooma, Wallaroo and Mildura.
Australian Colonial navies were represented by South Australia's Protector
(recently returned from China) and the Victorian Navy's Cerberus.

Australia has had a long association with the United States,
although the military alliance is a relatively recent innovation.
Here the US fleet is seen entering Port Phillip Heads in 1908.
Earlier, in 1905, Australian Prime Minister Alfred Deakin said
'Next to our British kindred, we place the Americans next in our


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